History of the Steelers' Uniform
Art Rooney Sr.
founded Pittsburgh's NFL team in 1933, and he promptly named it the
Pirates, after his favorite baseball team. The team remained the Pirates
until 1940, when Rooney re-named it the Steelers to represent the city's
But a few years
before that change, the distinctive uniforms were designed. In the
team's inaugural NFL season, the players wore jerseys that featured the
crest of the City of Pittsburgh on the front, and replicas were worn in
1994 as part of the NFL's 75th Anniversary celebration.
changed in each of the next two seasons, and in 1936 the team went to a
jersey that featured Northwestern Striping on each sleeve, the same
design that graces the uniforms today. Because Art Rooney's team
finished 6-6 in 1936, which was the first .500 record in its short
history, the Northwestern Striping was made a permanent part of the
The Los Angeles
Rams were the first team to paint logos on their helmets, and they did
so because one of their players doubled as an artist and performed the
service for free. As the NFL entered the 1950's, other teams gradually
copied this practice, but the Steelers helmets of the era were gold,
with players' numbers on each side.
Later in the
decade, the numbers were removed from the helmets, and in 1962 Republic
Steel, located in Cleveland, came to the Steelers and suggested the team
use the Steelmark as a helmet logo.
The Steelmark is
the symbol created by the American steel industry, and it is a circle
enclosing three hypocycloids and the word "Steel." The hypocycloids are
three colors, and in the 1970's the meaning was extended to include the
three materials used to make steel: yellow for coal, orange for ore, and
blue for steel scrap.
The Steelers liked
the idea presented by Republic Steel even though that company was based
in the city of their bitterest rival. The next step was to petition the
American Iron and Steel Institute for permission to change the word
"Steel" inside the Steelmark to "Steelers." Now, the logo was complete.
But when the
helmet logos arrived, the Steelers weren't convinced they looked all
that good when added to a solid gold helmet. As a result, equipment
manager Jack Hart was instructed to put the logo only on one side of the
helmet, the right side.
The 1962 Steelers
finished 9-5 and became the winningest team in franchise history. By
finishing second in the Eastern Conference, the Steelers qualified for
the Playoff Bowl, the first-ever postseason game for Rooney's team. For
that appearance, the Steelers wanted to do something special, so they
changed the color of their helmets from gold to solid black, and that
also served to highlight the new logo.
Even in 1962,
having a logo on only one side of the helmet was a curiosity, and
because of the interest generated, coupled with the unprecedented
success the team had, the Steelers decided to leave it that way
And so the
uniforms and helmets the Steelers will wear in 1998 have roots dating
back to two of their historic seasons -- 1936, which was the first
non-losing season; and 1962, which would be the winningest team in the
franchise's first 39 years.